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Black Walnut   arrow

Juglans nigra (joo’-glanz ny’-gra)
Family: Juglandaceae, Walnut

Key Steps


Black Walnut leafLeaf: Leaflets: 7-23, narrow, irregularly toothed, broadest at base, hairy beneath. May not have end leaflet. Entire leaf is 12-24 inches long. Fragrant when crushed. Hairy, glandular petioles.

Bud: Pale brown to whitish, woolly. Terminal bud up to 1/2 inch long. Two pairs of opposite scales on terminal bud. Side buds smaller and paler. Buds may be above each other (superposed).

Leaf Scar: Large, raised, shield-shaped or 3-lobed. Upper edge notched. No hair at tip. Three bundle scars, one in each lobe.

Stem: Stout. Young stems are hairy. Light brown.

Bark: Dark brown to black, furrowed.

Pith: Chambered on older growth. New growth usually doesn’t have chambered pith. Light brown.

Flower: Male: in dropping catkins on last year’s wood. Female: at end of current wood, short spikes of one to four flowers. Both male and female on same tree. Yellowish-green.

Fruit: Furrowed nut in thick, round husk. Green to black.

Habit: Large shade tree. Round, open canopy. 40+ feet tall. Strong central leader.

Culture: Moist, well-drained soils. Full sun. Allelopathic (may be hard to grow some plants near walnut trees).