Acer saccharum (ay’-sir sak-kar’-um)
Family: Sapindaceae, Soapberry
- 1a – Opposite leaf arrangement on stem — go to 2
- 2a – Leaf simple — go to 3
Leaf: Bright green above, paler beneath. Lobes are almost smooth, few teeth, and the petiole does not yield a milky sap.
Bud: Slender, sharp pointed and brown. Six to eight paris of scales.
Leaf Scar: Narrow, crescent-shaped. Hair along upper edge of scar.
Stem: Glossy brown. Small lenticles.
Bark: Dark gray to grayish-brown.
Pith: Round, pale, solid.
Flower: Yellowish-green, 1-3 inches long panicles, blooming before leaves appear.
Fruit: Horseshoe-shaped double samara.
Habit: Large, dense shade tree. Spreading branches. 50 feet tall by 30 foot spread. Oval to round. Slow growing.
Culture: Prefers slightly acidic, well-drained soil and moderate moisture requirement. Typically show iron chlorosis (yellowing of leaf with veins remaining green) in alkaline soils. Leaves are susceptible to wind (leaf scorch) and hail damage.